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James L. Farmer, Jr.

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James Leonard Farmer, Jr. (January 12, 1920July 9, 1999) was a black civil rights activist who was one of the "big 4" leaders of the American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s (along with Roy Wilkins, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Whitney M. Young Jr.). In 1942, Farmer along with a group of students co-founded the Committee of Racial Equality, later known as the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), an organization that sought to bring an end to racial segregation in America through active nonviolence. Farmer was the organization's first leader, serving as the national chairman from 1942 to 1944.

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