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GANGS RESOURCES

 

ORGANIZATIONS

 

Gangs and At-Risk Kids


A great resource with articles and links on the topic of gangs. Also includes stories from prisoners and the chance to ask prisoners questions about their experiences.

 

Gangs 101


A good break down of the structure of games and various dynamics associated with gangs.

 

Gangs or Us


A comprehensive website on the identification of gangs.

 

National Gang Crime Research Center


Caries out research on gangs and disseminates this through publications and reports as well as provides consulting and training.

 

Physicians for a Violence-Free Society
San Francisco General Hospital
Building One, Room 306, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110
Tel:
(415) 821-5686

Task Force on Violent Crime
300 Rockefeller Building
614 Superior Avenue, NW, Cleveland, OH 44113-1306

 

ARTICLES

 

 

Adler, P. et al. (1984)." Familiar correlates of gang membership: An explanatory study of mexican-american youth." Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 6(1), 65-76.

 

 

Burke, J. (1991). "Teenagers, clothes, and gang violence." Educational Leadership, 49(1), 11-13.

 

 

Colvin, R.L. (1993, July 24). "Youngest homeboy wants out." Los Angeles Times, p. A1.

 

 

Farley, C.J. (1993, May 3). "Gang summit." Time, p. 19.

 

 

Ferguson, T. (1992, June 8). "A separate peace in east l.a." National Review, v44.

 

 

Gurak, D.T. et al. (1980). "Hispanic diversity in new york city." Hispanic Research Center: Research Bulletin, 3.

 

 

Haldane, D. (1991, April 15). "Latino and asian gangs engage in deadly warfare." Los Angeles Times, p. B1.

 

 

Harrington-Lueker, D. (1990). "Street gangs are big business—and growing." Executive Educator, 12(7), 14.

 

 

Hernandez, R. (1992, November 29). "In cities and prisons, hispanic gang grows; expands power by appealing to pride." The New York Times, p. 48.

 

 

Horowitz, R. (1987). "Community tolerance of gang violence." Social Problems, 34(5), 437-450.

 

 

Hunsaker, A. (1981). "The behavioral ecological model of intervention with chicano gang delinquents." Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 3(3), 225-39.

 

 

Hunsaker, A.C. (1983). "A prompt/reward technique to elicit socially acceptable behavior with chicano gang delinquents." Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 5(1), 105-13.

 

 

Hunzeker, D. (1993, May). "Ganging up against violence." State Legislatures, 19(5), 28.

 

Indira A.R. Lakshmanan, (17April 2006) “Gangs roil

Central America: Trouble tied to US deportees, The Boston Globe A 1,16.

 

 

James, G. (1993, August 31). "Bronx boy, 10, wounded by gunmen on his street." The New York Times, p. B4.

 

 

Kantrowitz, B. (1993, August 2). "Wild in the streets." Newsweek, p. 40-46.

 

 

Katz, J. (1992, July 12). "Latino gang carnage is part of an invisible war." Los Angeles Times, p. A1.

 

 

Katz, J. (1992, August 27). "Making a bid to end a bloody cycle." Los Angeles Times, p. B1.

 

 

Katz, J. (1993, September 26). "Edict to gangs follows an old pattern." Los Angeles Times, p. B1.

 

 

Katz, J. & Lopez, R. (1993, September 28). 'Mexican mafia’s impact on gangs questioned." Los Angeles Times, p. B1.

 

 

Lopez, J. & Mirande, A. (1990). "The gangs of orange county: A critique and synthesis of social policy.' Aztlan: A Journal of Chicano Studies, 19(1), 125-46.

 

 

Lopez, R. & Katz, J. (1993, September 27). "Mexican mafiosi tell gangs to halt drive-bys." Los Angeles Times, p. A1.

 

 

Lyon, J.M., Henggeler, S.W., & Hall, J.A. (1992). "The family relations, peer relations, and criminal activities of caucasian and hispanic-american gang members. "Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20(5), 439-449.

 

 

Moore, J. et al. (1983). "Residence and territoriality in chicano gangs." Social Problems, 31(2), 182-94.

 

 

Moore, J. et al. (1985). "Isolation and stigmatization in the development in the development of an underclass: The case of chicano gangs in east los angeles." Social Problems, 33(1), 1-12.

 

 

Mulgannon, T. (1993, June). "Something of value." Sport, pp. 85-86.

 

 

"Peace process." (1992, September 1). Los Angeles Times, p. B6.

 

 

Perez-Pena, R. (1993, September 16). "35 are indicted as members of a hyper-violent drug gang." The New York Times, p. B3.

 

 

 

 

Santamaria, C., Obregon, S.A., Figueroa, L, Sosa, R. et al. (1989). "Estudio de una banda juvenil en una comunidad de alto riesgo: Resultados de la fase de iniciacion de la relacion." Salud-Mental, 12(3), 26-35.

 

Schwartz, A.J. (1989). "Middle-class educational values among latino gang members in east los angeles county high schools." Urban Education, 24(3), 323-342.

 

 

Stern, S., Lara, M.A., Santamaria, C., Obregon, S.A. et al. (1990). "Interacciones socials, conductas delictivas, violencia y consumo de drogas en una banda juvenil: Reporte de registros conductuales y diarios de campo." Revista Latinoamericana de Psicologia, 22(2), 223-237.

 

 

Terry, D. (1993, October 25). "Chicago gangs, extending turf, turn to politics." The New York Times, p. A12.

 

 

Vigil, J.D. (1983). "Chicano gangs: One response to mexican urban adaptation in the los angeles area." Urban Anthropology, 12(1), 45-75.

 

 

Vigil, J.D. (1988). "Group processes and street identity: Adolescent chicano gang members." Ethos, 16(4), 421-445.

 

 

Walker, J. (1990, May 29). "Surge of hispanic gangs seen in los angeles." The Washington Post, p. A3.

 

Zatz, M.S. (1985). "Los chalos: Legal processing of chicano gang members." Social Problems, 33(1), 13-30.

JOURNALS

 

Crime and Delinquency

Journal of Gang Research

BOOKS

 

 

Anderson, E. (1990). Streetwise: Race, class and change in an urban community. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Excellent insights from this African American sociologist allow the reader to test white assumptions and perspectives against urban realities.

 

 

Atkin, S.B. (1996). Voices from the streets: Young gang members tell their stories. Little, Brown, and Company.

 

 

Bing, L. (1991). Do or die: Members of america’s most notorious teenage gangs speak for themselves. New York City: HarperCollins. The author or editor has allowed Crips and Bloods to speak for themselves about gangs and the violence in their lives.

 

 

Campbell, A. (1984, 1991). The girls in the gang. (2nd ed.). Cambridge, MA and Oxford, England: Blackwell. Attempts a feminine research style through relationships and in-depth interviews. A needed balance to the field.

 

 

Center To Prevent Handgun Violence. (1990). Caught in the crossfire: A report on gun violence in our nation’s schools. Washington, D.C.: Author.

 

 

Chesney-Lind, M. (1992). Girls, delinquency, and juvenile justice. Brooks/Cole.

 

 

Cooney, M. (1986). Education and job training needs of Hispanic students. California State University, San Bernardino School of Education.

 

 

Covey, H.C., Menard, S.W., Franzese, R.J. Juvenile gangs. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

 

 

Cuban American National Council, Inc. (1989). The elusive decade of hispanics. New York City: Ford Foundation.

 

 

Goldstein, A.P. & Huff, C.R. (1993). The gang intervention handbook. Champaign, IL: Research Press.

 

 

Goldstein, A. (1991). Delinquent gangs: A psychological perspective. Research Press.

 

 

Ham, M.S. (1993). American skinheads, the criminology and control of hate crime. Praeger.

 

 

Huff, C.R. (1990). Gangs in America. Sage.

 

 

Illinois State Police. (1992). Folks/people, Illinois gangs.

 

 

Jackson, R.K. & McBride, W.D. (1986, 1992). Understanding street gangs. Placerville, CA: Copperhouse Publishing House. Two veteran police officers explain various gangs, graffiti and communication, structure and organization, along with enforcement and investigative techniques.

 

 

Jah, Y., Keyah, S., & Keyah Jah, S. (Eds.). (1997). Uprising: Crips and bloods tell the story of america’s youth in the crossfire. Simon and Schuster Trade Paperbacks.

 

 

Janowski, M.S. (1991). Islands in the street-gangs and American urban society. University of California Press.

 

 

Knox, G.W. (1991). An introduction to gangs. Vande Vere.

 

 

Landre, R., Miller, M., & Porter, D. (1997). Gangs: A handbook for community awareness. Facts on File, Inc.

 

 

Miller, A. (1975). Crime by youth gangs.

 

 

Moore, Joan. (1979). Homeboy.

 

 

Morales, A.T. (1992). Therapy with latino gang members. In Vargas & Koss-Chioino (eds.). Working with culture: Psychotherapeutic interventions with ethnic minority children and adolescents. The Jossey-Bass social and behavioral science series, pp. 129-154. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

 

 

National Gang Crime Research Center. (1995). The economics of gang life. (task force report).

 

 

Office of Juvenile Justice. (1993). Gang suppression and intervention. (an assessment).

 

 

Perryman, W. School administrator’s handbook on gangs and campus violence. Puget Sound Education Service District. Seattle, WA 98178.

 

 

Poston, R.W. (1971). The gang and the establishment: A story of conflict rising out of the federal and private financing of urban street gangs. Harper & Row. Evaluates large sums of money given to urban gangs in the late 1960s.

 

 

Rodriguez, L.J. (1993). Always running: La vida loca: Gang days in L.A., East Haven, CT: Curbstone Press. A father with gang experience struggles with his son drifting in the same direction. Important insights from the barrio and Latino experience.

 

 

Rolzinski, C.A. (1990). The adventure of adolescence: Middle school students and community service. Washington, D.C.: Youth Service America.

 

 

Shakur, S. (a.k.a. Monster Kody Scott). (1993). Monster: The autobiography of an l.a. gang member. New York City: Penguin Books. This is a frightening story of violent realities. No other book will get you closer to the street, gang, and prison life today.

 

 

Spurgel, I. (1982). Violence by youth gangs and youth groups as a crime problem in major American cities.

 

 

Taylor, C.S. (1990). Dangerous society. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press. This study presents interviews with gang member and drug pushers. It includes very interesting surveys by gangs in the back of the book.

 

 

Taylor, C.S. (1993). Girls, gangs, women and drugs. Michigan State University Press.

 

 

Vigil, J.D. (1988). Barrio gangs: Street life and identity in Southern California. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

 

 

Williams, T. (1989). The cocaine kids: The inside story of a teenage drug ring. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. An ethnological description of eight Dominican teenagers in Spanish Harlem whose cocaine business reaches from the streets to "coke houses." Though these urban business youth are into something big, they struggle with same issues of identity, sexuality, and education common to all teenagers.

 

 

Youth Law Center. (1987). Working with young women in the juvenile justice system.

 

VIDEOS

 

 

V434B Gangs: Tags, tacs, terminology. (1993). 21 minutes. Coronet/MTI.

 

 

V536 Gangs: Turning the corner. (1994). 30 minutes. California Images.

 

OTHER RESOURCES

 

Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C. House Committee on the District of Columbia (1983). Problems in urban centers: Philadelphia—los angeles—houston: Oversight hearings before the committee on the district of columbia. House of representatives, ninety-seventh congress, first and second sessions on problems in urban centers, washington, d.c., and the federal government role. (June 15, 30, 1981 and February 12, 1982). Volume II. (Serial number 97-115.)

Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. (1989). Children and guns. Hearing before the select committee on children, youth, and families. House of representatives, one hundred first congress, first session. Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. (Stock No. 052-070-06605-9).

Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. (1988). Youth and violence: The current crisis. Hearing before the select committee on children, youth, and families. House of representatives, one hundredth congress, second session. Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.

Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C. Senate Committee on the Judiciary. (1981, July 9). Violent juvenile crime. Hearing before the subcommittee on juvenile justice of the committee on the judiciary. United states senate, ninety-seventh congress, first session on the problem of juvenile crime. Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. (Senate-J-97-48).

Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C. Senate Committee on the Judiciary. (Westwood, California, February 7, 1983 and San Francisco, California, February 9, 1983). Gang violence and control. Hearings before the subcommittee on juvenile justice of the committee on the judiciary. United States senate, ninety-eighth congress, first session on gang violence and control in the Los Angeles and San Francisco areas with a view to what might be done by the Federal government. Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.

 

Curry, G.D., Spergel, I.A. (1990, March). Differential patterns of gang involvement among Hispanic and black adolescent males: Promise for prevention? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Sociological Society, Louisville, KY.

 

 

De la Rosa, M. (ed.). et al. (1990). Drugs and violence: Causes, correlates, and consequences. Research monograph series 103. National institute on drug abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.

 

 

Flowers, R.B. (1987). Violent women: Are they catching up to violent men or have they surpassed them? ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403.

 

 

Gaustad, J. (1991, May). Schools respond to gangs and violence. Oregon School Study Council, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403. OSSC-Bulletin; v 34(9).

 

 

Gaustad, J. (1993). Schools attack the roots of violence. ERIC Digest, Number 63. ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403.

 

 

Harper, S. (1989). LA’s gang busters—lessons learned. School Safety, pp. 12-15. The National School Safety Center, 16830 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 200, Encino, CA 91436.

 

 

Hunsaker, A.C. (1982). The impact of location alteration on school attendance of Chicano gang members. ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Personnel Services. ERIC/CAPS, 2108 School of Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1259.

 

 

Jorquez, J.S. (1983, April 27-30). Teaching Chicano youth the sociology of barrio social problems with the aid of small airplane flights. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Social Science Association, Albuquerque, NM.

 

 

Schwartz, A.J. (1988, April). Principals’ leadership behaviors in gang-impacted high schools and their effects on pupil climate. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

 

 

Stephens, R.T. (1990). Educational histories of incarcerated male felons with an emphasis on perceptions of school, causes of dropping out, and participation in prison educational programs. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, New York University.

 

 

Task Force on Violent Crime. Youth gangs: A parent’s guide for the 90s. Task Force on Violent Crime, 300 Rockefeller Building, 614 Superior Avenue, NW, Cleveland, OH, 44113-1306.

 

 

Task Force on Violent Crime. Resources for reducing youth violence. Task Force on Violent Crime, 300 Rockefeller Building, 614 Superior Avenue, NW, Cleveland, OH, 44113-1306.

 

 

Truckenmiller, J.L. (1983). Predicting gang fight participation in a general youth sample via the HEW youth development model’s community program impact scales, age, and sex. Pennsylvania State Department of Public Welfare, Harrisburg, PA.

 

 

Walz, G.R. (1991). Counselor quest: Concise analyses of critical counseling topics. ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Personnel Services. ERIC/CAPS, 2108 School of Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1259.

 

Michael E. Carter and Dean Borgman cCYS