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Institute for the Development of African-American Youth.


Inteen® Teaching Success Kit
Geared toward African-American youth, this workbook features quizzes, activities, visuals, a student magazine and the precepts for living enrichment workbook, plust posters/profiles of Black History personalities.

SIMBA TURN Leadership Foundation
122 W. Franklin Avenue #5, Minneapolis, MN

55404, 612/823-2977, Director: Rev. Chris McNair
A Christian rites of passage program for African American boys, Simba takes a relationship based approach and emphasizes role modeling in tandem with mentoring in addressing critical issues for youth ministry in urban areas. The manual contains curriculum for weekly sessions and material and instruction for training and recruiting men to begin a Simba group in your community. The Simba curriculum leads boys on a discovery of what it means to be African American men spiritually, culturally and physically.




(1998, December 9). "Author of Disputed Book is Criticized in Brooklyn

." New York Times (East Coast late ed.), pp. B13-B15.


Clay, Adriana. (2003) "Keeping it real: Black youth, hip hop culture and black identity." Online article. Sage Publications. 

(1991). "Coping with Multi-cultural Illiteracy: A Teacher Educators Response

." Social Education, 55, l86-190.

(1998, December 20). "Despite Furor over a Book, Multi-culturalism Flourishes in Schools

." New York Times (East Coast late ed.), pp. 51-53.

Hodge, Dan. (2005) "An Empirical Analysis of Acting White: A Study you can't Afford to Ignore

," Center for Youth and Family Ministry, Online article.


Horton, John. "Developing a Comprehensive Plan to Empower African-American Youth." Online. 2/11/00.

Holloway, L. (1998, November 25). "School Officials Support Teacher on Book that Parents Call Racially Insensitive

." New York Times (East Coast late ed.), pp. B10-B12.

Ladson-Billings, G. (1991). "Beyond Multi-cultural Illiteracy

." Journal of Negro Education, 60, 147-157.

(1996). "Silences as Weapons: Challenges of a Black Professor Teaching White Students

." Theory into Practice, 35, 79-85.

Smith, D. (1998, November 25). "Furor over Book Brings Pain and Pride to its Author

." New York Times (East Coast late ed.), pp. B10-B11.

(1998, December 1). "Threatened over Book, Teacher Leaves School

." New York Times (East Coast late ed.), pp. B3-B4.

Valli, L. (1995). "The Dilemma of Race: Learning to be Color Blind and Color Conscious

. "Journal of Teacher Education, 46, 120-125.

Washington, V. (1982). "Racial Differences in Teacher Perceptions of First and Fourth Grade Pupils on Selected Characteristics

." Journal of Negro Education, 51, 60-72.



Black Americans (reprint package). (1994). American Demographics

. Ithaca, NY: Dow Jones & Company, Inc.



Edelman, M.W. (1987).

Families in Peril: An Agenda for Social Change

. Cambridge, MA & London, England: Harvard University Press.

Freeman, R.B. (1983, August). Who Escapes? Poverty Tracts

. [National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138.]  Church involvement emerged high among other background factors linked to inner city poverty tracts. Church attendance is also linked to successful socioeconomic performance of black male youths from inner city poverty tracts. Additionally, church attendance is correlated to avoiding illegal activities, drug and alcohol abuse, and school absenteeism.

Gibbs, J.T., Huang, L.N., & Associates. (1989). Children of Color: Psychological Interventions with Minority Youth

. San Francisco and London: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Ginsburg, A., Milen, A., & Meyers, D. US Department of Education

.  In contrast to other studies, these researchers found students suffering up to a nine-point deficit when mothers worked full-time from preschool through school years. This same study found that children of single, black, full-time working mothers performed academically above children of unemployed black women.

Harper, F.D. (ed.). (1976). Alcohol Abuse and Black America

. See especially the chapter by Peter Bourne, "Alcoholism in Urban Black Population," and the studies on the drinking practices of young African Americans.

Jones, C.E. (1987). Black Holiness: A Guide to the Study of Black Participation in Wesleyan Perfectionist and Glossolalic Pentecostal Movements

. Metuchen, NJ: American Theological Library Association and Scarecrow Press.

Mathews, D.G. (1977). Religion in the Old South

. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

(1994). No Crystal Stair: African Americans in the City of Angels

. Los Angeles, CA: Los Angeles Times.

Paris, P.J. (1985). The Social Teaching of the Black Churches

. Philadelphia: Fortress.

Raboteau, A.J. (1978). Slave Religion: The "Invisible Institution" in the Antebellum South

. New York: Oxford University Press.




The State of Black America

. New York: National Urban League.

Sinha, Jill. African-American Youth and Communities of Faith




Washington, J.M. (1986).

Frustrated Fellowship: The Black Baptist Quest for Social Power

. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.

West, C. (1993). Race Matters

. Vintage Books.

Wilmore, G.S. & Cone, J.H. (1979). Black Theology: A Documentary History 1966-1979

. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books.

Wilmore, G.S. Black Religion and Black Radicalism: An Interpretation of the Religious History of Afro-american People

(2nd ed.). Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books.

Wilson, A.N. (1978). The Developmental Psychology of the Black Child.

New York City: Africana Research Publications. A social scientist rebuts the notion that the black child is a white child painted black and reviews studies that point out significant distinctives.

Wilson, W.J. (1987). The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass and Public Policy

. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Woodson, C.G. (1985). The History of the Negro Church

(reprint). Washington, D.C.: Associated Publishers.

Dean Borgman, Albert G. Miller, Kathryn Q. Powers, and Atasha Codington cCYS